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Exo Duo Women's Lacrosse Headgear

As a former lacrosse player, the problem I decided to tackle for my senior thesis project at SCAD was that of head injuries in women's lacrosse. Unlike male players, female players are not required to wear helmets, only protective goggles, despite the high injury risk associated with the sport. I knew there had to be a way to help encourage headgear usage by meeting players where they are at.

Individual Project 

Completed at SCAD | 2021

Defining the Problem

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Athletes participating in a contact sport will sustain a concussion this year and women are more susceptible to concussions than men. 

Headgear is not currently mandated in women's lacrosse and is instead an optional piece of equipment.



To start off, I spoke with an athletic trainer to get a better understanding of head injuries and how female lacrosse players are affected by them. 


I also spoke with the industrial design team at Tool Inc. that developed the Cascade LX women's lacrosse helmet to gain insight into helmet design and important criteria to keep in mind. 

Defining the Opportunity

There is an opportunity to create a helmet/goggle combination to better facilitate the transition to helmets in women's lacrosse. 


Prevents head injuries for female lacrosse players.


Removes the bulkiness found in men's helmets.


Allows the user to adjust their level of protection.



After conducting my research, I experimented with different ways to enhance the protection of women's lacrosse goggles without compromising aesthetics. 



Using materials ranging from foam core to 3D prints, I created multiple rounds of wearable prototypes to test out different features and fits and to develop a unique style.



I 3D printed a variety of patterns in TPU to experiment with flexible padding for the helmet interior. 



Halfway through the project, I tested my semi-final prototype to determine what adjustments needed to be made moving forward. I also consulted a women's lacrosse coach and goalie to collect user feedback. 

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Final Design

Ventilation & Usability

For the final helmet design, I focused on improving ventilation and usability with the goggle strap wrapping around the back of the helmet. 


Discrete ventilation

Silicone goggle pads

Goggle strap is secured around helmet


Upper ponytail slot

Lower ponytail slot

Ponytail Slots

Two ponytail slots allow players to wear their hair how they want without interfering with the functionality of the helmet.

Helmet/Goggle Interface

The goggles can be worn by themselves or snapped into the brim of the helmet to offer more protection. 



In accordance with ASTM standards for women's lacrosse headgear, the outer shell of the helmet will be made of a soft, flexible material such as TPU. 

Internal Structure

When it comes to protection the internal structure is just as important as the exterior. I designed these hexagonal pads with a flexible pattern to help absorb shock upon impact. 

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